2019年11月15日 00:28

   An athlete was debating with an old monk.
   "Life lies in movement," the athlete roared.
   "Life lies in quietude," the old monk whispered.
   "Quietude is idleness!" the athlete said plausibly.
   "Movement is fickleness!" the old monk didn"t give in.
   "Quietude is a pool of backwater!" "Movement is a gust of dark wind!"
   For the essence of life, the two of them argued heatedly among themselves. So far each of them sticks to his own version, unable to convince the other of accepting the definition of life.
   In fact, they may completely think from the angle of the other and completely abandon the dispute, for life not only lies in movement, but also quietude.
   A flower in silent bloom is a kind of beauty, so is a bird in swift flight.

  Why the Cat Kills Rats
  Ansa was King of Calabar for fifty years.He had a very faithful cat as a housekeeper, and a rat was his houseboy. The king was an obstinate, headstrong man, but was very fond of the cat, who had been in his store for many years.
  The rat, who was very poor, fell in love with one of the king"s servant girls,but was unable to give her any presents, as he had no money.
  At last he thought of the king"s store, so in the nighttime, being quite small,he had little difficulty,having made a hole in the roof, in getting into the store.He then stole corn and pears,and presented them to his sweetheart.
  At the end of the month, when the cat had to render her account of the things in the store to the king,she found that a lot of corn and pears were missing.The king was very angry at this, and asked the cat for an explanation. But the cat could not account for the loss, until one of her friends told her that the rat had been stealing the corn and giving it to the girl.
  When the cat told the king, he called the girl before him and had her flogged.He handed over the rat to the cat to deal with, and dismissed them both from his service. The cat was so angry at this that she killed and ate the rat, and ever since that time whenever a cat sees a rat she kills and eats it.



   An athlete was debating with an old monk.
   "Life lies in movement," the athlete roared.
   "Life lies in quietude," the old monk whispered.
   "Quietude is idleness!" the athlete said plausibly.
   "Movement is fickleness!" the old monk didn"t give in.
   "Quietude is a pool of backwater!" "Movement is a gust of dark wind!"
   For the essence of life, the two of them argued heatedly among themselves. So far each of them sticks to his own version, unable to convince the other of accepting the definition of life.
   In fact, they may completely think from the angle of the other and completely abandon the dispute, for life not only lies in movement, but also quietude.
   A flower in silent bloom is a kind of beauty, so is a bird in swift flight.


  (yi)You"re Right, Sir
  Mr Jones had a farm outside the town. His wife was often ill and his children were young. So he couldn"t look after it by himself. He employed(雇)Jack and Harry as workers. He tried to pay them less though they worked hard. The food for the two young men was bad and they lived in a short and wet house on the farm. They tried to find a way to make reprisals(bao复).
  Christmas was coming. Mr Jones said he had no money to pay Jack and Harry. So they couldn"t buy any birds for their families. When Jack was taking some vegetables to Mr Jones, he saw two fat geese(鹅) hung near the window on the second floor. He told his workmate about it. They decided to take them away.
  It was dark when the two young men got to Mr Jones" house that evening. Jack placed a ladder against the wall and Harry was going upstairs while a policeman was passing there.
  "What are you doing there?" the policeman stopped to ask.
  Harry was too frightened to say a word. Jack answered in a hurry, "Mr Jones often helps us. So we"ve brought two fat geese to him."
  The policeman had a look at his watch and said, "It"s ten past two. They must be asleep. Don"t disturb(打扰) them late at night. Bring them here tomorrow."
  "You"re right, sir," Harry said. He came down with the two geese and then hurried off with Jack.
  1. _____ , so he employed the two young men.
  A. Mr Jones needed some helpers
  B. Mr Jones felt lonely on the farm
  C. Mr Jones had no time to work on his farm
  D. Mr Jones had to look after his wife
  2. Jack and Harry wanted to make reprisals because _____ .
  A. Mr Jones was going to send them away
  B. Mr Jones was too rich
  C. they were too poor
  D. Mr Jones was very bad to them
  3. The two young men tried to get the geese for _____ .
  A. themselvesB. their families
  C. the policemanD. Mr Jones
  4. Harry was afraid _____ , so he couldn"t say a word.
  A. he would wake the Jones up
  B. he would fall from the ladder
  C. the policeman would regard them as thieves
  D. the policeman would share the geese with them
  5. The foolish policeman told the two young men _____ .
  A. not to make any noiseB. to take the geese away
  C. to hang the geese againD. give the geese to him
  Bill, Robert and Mike study in a middle school in a town. And they"re all in Grade Three. During their holidays they came to a village by a large lake. They hired(租) a boat and went fishing in the lake. They happened to come to an out-of-way(pian僻的) place. They were very happy because there were plenty of fish and it was easy to fish there. Before long they got a lot of fish. Bill wanted to go on fishing but Robert stopped him. He said," Look up! There"re many clouds in the sky and I"m sure it"s going to rain."
  "Let"s leave here quickly, "said Mike," Or we"ll be drenched(lin湿)."
  When they left the place, Bill said, "We"d better make a mark(ji号) here so that we"ll easily find the place tomorrow."
  "All right," Robert said happily," Let me do that."
  si、Iqbal Masih
  Iqbal Masih was a Pakistani boy who was sold to a carpet industry as a child slave at the age of 4 for the equivalent of $12. Iqbal was held by a string to a carpet loom in a small town called Muridke near Lahore. He was made to work twelve hours per day. Due to long hours of hard work and insufficient food and care, Iqbal was undersized. At twelve years of age, Iqbal was the size of a six-year old boy. At the age of 10, he escaped the brutal slavery and later joined a Bonded Labor Liberation Front of Pakistan to help stop child labour around the world, and Iqbal helped over 3,000 Pakistani children that were in bonded labour, escape to freedom. Iqbal gave talks about child labour all around the world.
  He was murdered on Easter Sunday 1995. It is assumed by many that he was assassinated by members of the “Carpet Mafia” because of the publicity he brought towards the child labour industry. Some locals were accused of the crime, however.
  In 1994, Iqbal was awarded the Reebok Human Rights Award. In 2000, when The World’s Children’s Prize for the Rights of the Child was formed, he was posthumously awarded this prize as one of the first laureates.
  wu、Nkosi Johnson
  Nkosi, born Xolani Nkosi, was born to Nonthlanthla Daphne Nkosi in a township east of Johannesburg in 1989. He never knew his father. Nkosi was HIV-positive from birth, and was legally adopted by Gail Johnson, a Johannesburg Public Relations practitioner, when his own mother, debilitated by the disease, was no longer able to care for him. The young Nkosi Johnson first came to public attention in 1997, when a primary school in the Johannesburg suburb of Melville refused to accept him as a pupil because of his HIV-positive status. The incident caused a furor at the highest political level—South Africa’s Constitution forbids discrimination on the grounds of medical status—and the school later reversed its decision.
  Nkosi was the keynote speaker at the 13th International AIDS Conference, where he encouraged AIDS victims to be open about the disease and to seek equal treatment. Nkosi finished his speech with the words.
  "Care for us and accept us-we are all human beings. We are normal. We have hands. We have feet. We can walk, we can talk, we have needs just like everyone else-don"t be afraid of us-we are all the same!"
  Nelson Mandela referred to Nkosi as an “icon of the struggle for life.” He was ranked fifth amongst SABC"s Great South Africans. At the time of his death, he was the longest-surviving HIV-positive born child.
  Together with his foster mother, Nkosi founded a refuge for HIV positive mothers and their children, Nkosi’s Haven, in Johannesburg. In November 2005, Gail represented Nkosi when he posthumously received the International Children’s Peace Prize from the hands of Mikhail Gorbachev. Nkosi’s Haven received the US $100,000 prize money from the KidsRights Foundation as well as a statuette which has been named the Nkosi in Nkosi Johnson’s honour. Nkosi’s life is the subject of the book We Are All the Same by Jim Wooten.


  The Ugly Queen
  In the ancient times, a queen ruled a beautiful country with green mountains and clear waters.While all the people of the country were very beautiful, the queen was extremely ugly. She had a short and fat body with a hooked nose and a crooked mouth.She was so ugly that nobody wanted to see her, for when they did they wouldn"t help laughing.
  The queen was so angry at heruglinessthatshewould lose her appetite for food, especiallywhencomparingher own image in the mirror with those of other people.
  She lay on her bed thinkinghowtobeautifyherself:there was no use in applying any powder on her face... Suddenly she had an idea: if she could smash all the mirrors in the country,the people would have no way to compare their images with hers without seeing their beauty.
  And then she gave a "royal order" and commanded all the people to smash their mirrors.Anybody acted against the order was to be put to death immediately. And now she felt relieved and thought nobody could find out who was beautiful and who was ugly.
  One autumn morning, she took many woman attendants to play along a lake.The lake was as clear as a mirror. The attendants laughed proudly when they saw their beautiful figures reflected in the lake.The ugly looking queen also saw her reflection and found it as ugly as before.She got so angry that she trembled.In great anger, she came up with an idea: simply tramp the big mirror till it breaks. She used all her power and jumped into the lake. Splash! The ugly looking queen fell into the lake.She struggled for a while but failed to get out of the water and sank to the bottom.
  Soon the water returned to its normal quietness and clarity.
  Now when people pass by the lake, their beautiful images are still reflected as clearly as before in the water.


  draw cakes to allay hungry-feed on illusions
  This idiom comes from Records of Three Kingdoms· Kingdom of Wei · Biography of Lu Yu. When Lu Yu, the minister of the State of Wei was young, his parents and brothers all died one after another, and he became an orphan. In such a difficult situation, he still studied very hard. Finally he became a talented person and served as a high officialof hisstate.Hewassouprightin performing his official duties that he was promoted to the minister of the Board of Civil Office, in charge of the officials" appointments and removals.
  Owing to the vacancy of Lu Yu"s original post, it had to fill up a new official for it. Although there were many officials to recommend some well-known people for the post, all were refused by Emperor Wen. He only let Lu Yu do it and also pointed out:"It depends on you whether we can find the right person for the important post. But we can"t choose someone only with fame in stead of his real ability. You see, the fame is just like drawing cakes on the ground to allay hungry."
  Then Lu expressed his idea:" You are right, YourMajesty, selections should depend on their real learning and abilities. But the real fame is still very important, such as self-possession and high moral character. So we should select people with both of them."
  Now we use it to describe comforting oneself with uealistic thoughts, without solving practical problemsand feeding on illusions.
  (一)Who Keeps Such a Grand Birthday?
  Five years ago Liu Dong and his wife began to work in America. Before they left China, they asked his mother to1their two-year-old son Liu Lu. Last August the old woman2her son. In the letter Liu Dong said he wished them to3with them in New York. Of course, the old woman and her grandson were both4and flew to the biggest city in the world soon after that.
  Mr Liu5his son English at home and the boy6a lot after a year. Now he can both speak and write. And he can7the American children in their building in English.
  Liu Dong sent his son to8school nearly four months ago. The boy has enjoyed9in the American school. He can catch what his teachers say 10 and do all his homework by himself. Now he 11several American children and he often plays with them.
  It was12 20 and Christmas was coming. Liu Lu came back and said,"We"re going to have a week holiday the day after tomorrow, Grandma."
   "One of my classmates will keep(庆祝) his birthday."
   " 14 ?" the old woman said in surprise. "Who"s going to keep such agrand(隆zhongde) birthday?"
   "I don"t know," answered the boy. "I 15 his name is Jesus Christ(耶sujidu)."
  1. A. get on well withB. take care ofC. catch up withD. operate on
  2. A. calledB. received C. heard fromD. heard of
  3. A. liveB. studyC. rest D. travel
  4. A. sadB. sorryC. worriedD. happy
  5. A. showedB. readC. taught D. asked
  6. A. forgot B. foundC. remembered D. learned
  7. A. talk withB. look for C. play withD. fall behind
  8. A. nearB. the nearestC. far D. the farthest
  9. A. herB. herself C. him D. himself
  10. A. in class B. at homeC. on his wayD. in the buses
  11. A. has known B. has made friends with
   C. has hurtD. has troubled
  12. A. SeptemberB. NovemberC. DecemberD. January
  13. A. whyB. whatC. whichD. whom
  14. A. SorryB. InterestingC. ReallyD. Wrong
  15. A. seeB. listenC. guessD. hear
  (二)The Thief"s Excuse
  Bill was the only son in his family. His parents1him to his sisters. All his family were often busy2him. They looked after him and he did nothing at home. He didn"t put his3into his studies and learned little at school. Later on his parents 4and his sisters married. He couldn"t live on without their help. At first his sisters found a job for him, but he thought it was5and left the factory. He sold his house and got some money. He had to6in the park in the night.
  About half a year he7it all on his food and clothes and the young man got into trouble.
  One evening Bill was so8that he couldn"t fall asleep. He was walking in the street to look for some food. He saw an old man9his bike in front of a shop and went in. He looked around and there was nobody there. He 10it away quickly. He went to a village the next morning and11it to a farmer. Since then on he began to steal in the town.